Rowe 1990. Studies culture and societies of the past and reconstructs them as far as possible.
Early focus on classical civilizations and gradually developed techniques methodology and description based material focus. After 1940s became more professional, holistic and theory oriented. Moved towards new archaeological anthropology.
Old. Descriptive. Material focused. Simple comparison. Quantification.
New. general systems approach. Logical and deduction reasoning. Processural and post processural.
Old and new world
Text added. Asia Africa
Applied. War Marine.
Paleoecology prehistoric environment geography and human linkages
Plaeo sonography. Description of prehistoric culture with tools paintings plants.
Ethno archaeology. Study present groups to reconstruct past.
Paleo ethnology. Compare prehistoric cultures.
Applied. Cultural tourism. Public education.
Major techniques. GIS mapping, remote sensing, dating methods, comparative method, 3D modelling, palaeobotany, space relations, analysis, practice tool making. To understand prehistory
Major personalities. Louis leakey. R d Banerjee mohenjo Daro. Robert ballard Maritime archaeology Titanic.
lewis bindord brought anthropology to archaeology.