Culture has a basis in economic production for mode of production and reproduction in any culture is central in determining the belief and behaviour. Sew infrastructure influences cultural structure.
Book the rise of anthropological theory 1968 second book cows pigs war and witches 1968. 1974 the riddle of culture.
Etic and behavioral infrastructure, comprising a society's relations to the environment, which includes their ethics and behavioral modes of production and reproduction (material relations).
Etic and behavioral Structure, the ethics and behavioral domestic and political economies of a society (social relations).
Etic and behavioral Superstructure, the ethics and behavioral symbolic and ideational aspects of a society, e.g. the arts, rituals, sports and games, and science (symbolic and ideational relations).
Emic and mental Superstructure, including "conscious and unconscious cognitive goals, categories, rules, plans, values, philosophies, and beliefs" (Harris 1979:54) (meaningful or ideological relations).
infrastructure probabilistically determines structure, which probabilistically determines the superstructures, than otherwise.
the cultural ecology of India's sacred cattle 1966. Argue that culture had importance of cow because it had important role in milk production and transport fuel as cow dung. Therefore the culture values it and there is ban on cow slaughter. Sacred depends on economic importance. during times of stress the cows are sold of not killed but the people know what will happen to them slaughter. Link between religion and economy.
study the various data from sensors Ford foundation NGO reports and created an argument. That Hindus hold discussed for cow killing. Also was number of useless cattle is at mental to the nation. Desai 1948 Dube 1955 show that cattles are precious and people value them. But also that cattle situation is bad and treatment is bad. Therefore only religion cannot explain this phenomena and economics has to explain.
Explain land tenure system primary in terms of Hindu laws of land holding and inheritance. He is an old land tenure system by Mughals and Britishers
argued that be sitting and leather industry worth doing badly because of lack of capital not the stigma. But critics argued that industry was outdated add and slow because of Gandhian ideas and stigma not because of capital