Study cross cultural and comparative study of economic system of various societies
scope. Integration of economy with political organisation culture kinship et cetera. Studies production exchange and distribution.
Raymond Firth studied Tribes of New Zealand and Polynesia. Sahlins and polyani are prominent anthropologist.
Subsistence system. Forde
Economic history. Morgan
Primitive economies. Malinowski
Peasant economy. Nash
Urban economy. Sahlins.
Business anthropology. Soya
types of societies. Hunting gathering. Pastoral. Horticulture. Intensive agriculture.
Production principles. Hunting gathering. Pastoral. Horticulture. Intensive agriculture. Depend on environment, seasonal variation, division of labour, Technology simple, social kinship is the basis for economy not profit.
Principles of distribution. Kinship. Reciprocity. Fair share of people decided by chief. Egalitarian
Exchange. Butter exchange. Now changing into money economy and tribal markets are transformed.
Today it has expanded to other contexts like industrial society, urban settlements. Vidyarthi studied effect of industrialisation on tribals.
Today trend has been shifting to understand socio cultural changes in tribes due to globalisation, modernization education etc.