Durkheim define the religion as unified system of beliefs and practices relating to the sacred that is things set apart and forbidden.
Geertz religion as a system of symbols that creates pervasive moves and motivations buy conceiving and order of the world cloaked in such a way that they seem real.
magic is belief and related practices of people which can compel super natural power to act in particular and intended way
Frazer divided magic and religion with features like
Magic compels supernatural to do its bidding. religion never guarantee is the result and only supplication not manipulation. SHAMANs interact and counter spirits but Christians pray to the God.
as per durkheim magic has no church and magic rights may be public or private. Religion is usually public event. Rain dance by zuni tribe is magical practice done privately or publicly. Rath yatra at Jagannath is public
Magical utterances May have no meaning. Religious pronouncements generally have meaning. Tantrik spells versus Gayatri Mantra
magic can be good or bad purpose but religion is for general welfare. Voodoo magic versus prayers
Magic includes specialist not followers. Religion includes specialist and followers
Magic is dominant in simple societies and religion in modern societies chenchu zuni versus India Iran USA
Notion of spirits versus notion of God. Spirit me not be powerful enough but god is supreme
Magic maybe known emotive religion is emotional.
but anthropologists like malinowski argue that distinction cannot be made and even in modern societies religion magic and Science coexist and overlap.