Ogburn and Nimkoff have said that social control refers to the patterns of pressure which society exerts to maintain order and established rules”. Need - individual, social, unity, stability. How - +/- formal informal, direct indirect. Example.
Power is the ability to make others do things even if they don't want to.
Lukes 3 types
Power in decision making. As per boulding - by coercion negotiation or commitment. As per Dahl, plural list approach different groups have different say not one person. Mills argues that real power belongs to banks and military.
In agenda setting. Elite have the the control over media and political parties so they control agenda. Karl Marx beliefs that Elite create a system that favours them.
Thought control. Gramci argues that people control popular culture and the way we think. They promote thinking that life is better with material goods so that people will buy and sell it will benefit.
Foucault believe that history is created such that western powers keep power.
It may be positional, coercive, referential, expertise, reward. As per john French.
Huntington. Three kinds of legitimacy. Ideological where was voluntarily recognised by people. Second is procedural where II formation and change of power is checked by citizen boat democracy light constitution legal procedure. Third is performance legitimacy China XI jinping people are satisfied with what ever.
Weber creates three types of political legitimacy. Traditional. Charismatic. Legal rational. Legitimacy is a value where by something or someone is acknowledged and accepted as right and proper.
ideology is belief or state of believes specially political belief on which people parties countries best their actions. in the view of erikson 2003 ideology is a set of beliefs about the proper order of society and how it can be achieved. Can be left ideology right ideology Centre radical conservative.
Authority is power clogged in legitimacy - Heywood.
According to Weber authority can be traditional like respect for elders. Charismatic value of Indians and words. Legal rational respecting the state.
Bureaucracy. Democracy. Police. Judiciary all have legitimacy.
Illegitimate - naxalism.
May not have power but influence.
useful for maintaining order, rule of law, organisation, redistribution, providing services, security.
Crisis of legitimacy if authority fails.
Influence. Subtle indirect persuasion.
Leaders. Influence freedom movement.
Celebrities. Smoking drinking promotion.
Trying to influence people by climate change research but not much effect.