Balanced. Equal value. Barter with each other and at market with outsiders
General. Kula exchange. Sharing honey in chenchus. Hazda hunters share the hunt.
Builds community. Trust. Good relationship. Help when needed. No profit motive but social well being. Positive feelings. Discuss issues and interact during exchange. May arrange marriage.
Negative reciprocity. Stealing cows or raiding. Rift and conflict. Justice proceeding.
Redistribution. In agriculture or horticulture societies. By chief. Stratified societies.
Kwakiutl. Rice burning. Portlatch.
Avoid rotten food and diseases. Social prestige. To care for left behind. We feelings.
Tikopia chief. Returns everything he collects back to society. R Firth studied them - speculates about the ways population control may have been achieved, including celibacy, warfare (including expulsion), infanticide and sea-voyaging (which claimed many youths). Firth's book, Tikopia Ritual and Belief (1967, London, George Allen & Unwin) remains an important source for the study of Tikopia culture.