Americans 1-2


Franz Boas. Ruth benedict. Margaret mead. 

Contact of Indian anthropologists with American anthropologists occurred after the World War II and especially after India’s independence. A shift in approach was noted with the intervention of the American scholars. The influence of British anthropology with its emphasis on preliterate isolate society was gradually replaced by the analytical study of the complex societies. Study of Indian Village became very fashionable.

The American anthropologist’s viz. Morris Opler of Cornell University, Oscar Lewis of the University of Illinois, David Mandelbaum of the University of California and a lot of their students came in India with research team. Their objective was three fold Firstly they wanted to make a systematic study of Indian villages for testing some of their own hypotheses

influence of French Structural anthropologists were also found. Approach of Levi-Strauss was followed in this field of kinship and folklore studies. Dumont and Leach influenced considerably in the study of Caste system.

Among the Indian anthropologists D.N. Majumdar, M.N. Srinivas and S.C. Dube made notable contributions to community and village studies. American anthropologists namely, R. Redfield, M. Singer, M. Marriott and Bernard S. Cohn devoted themselves in the study of the dimensions of Indian civilization.

Julian steward culture ecology. Lp Vidyarthi maler. 

Kroeber n k bose. 

Sol Tax. - action anthropology - that bengali anthropologist

Geertz symbolic modern anthro

Redfield. GT LT

Marriott and singer - universalisation and parochialisation