Anthro and rural development 1-2

Anthro and rural development

Holistic. Cultural relativism. Field view of reality. Participatory approach. Participatory rural appraisal. Takes into account culture sensitivity, prioritise tasks, reduce conflicts, policy formulation and implementation, integrated holistic approach. 

Understand - issues. Srinivas dominant caste irrigation

Social doctor and engineer - make people bring change, grassroots

Holistic and integrated - socio economic political

Ecological - nms complex

Preserving traditional approach. 

Concepts like dominant caste. Caste and class. Studying impact of democratic institutions like panchayati Raj, mathur. Implementation of programmes and policy. Monitoring. 

Vidyarthi  Some of the important positions that anthropologists are occupying in development agencies are:

1.       Social Development Advisors (SDA).

2.       Consultants e.g. V pandya

3.       Research officers

4.       Counsellors e.g. 

5.       Advocacy role. Xaxa. Andre beteille. 

Planning commission didayi tribe study. Development project should be participated, eco friendly and involves women. 

Village studies by mn Srinivas and latest by jodhka, D tilche etc. 

Also on NGO.

Family planning.

Limitations. Time consuming. Bureaucracy resistance. Lack of scholars. Policy not into practice. 

David mosse cultivating development 2004. Study of Indo British rainfed farming project on Bhil tribe. Ethnography and pra both. He was a consultant And completed ethnography. Pointed out that project has disparity from the actual policy. Implementation is very different from what the policy is. practice should determine the policy. What to do if policy does not translate into practice. Illustrated social tensions and how development actually happens on ground.