Classification based on assimilation 1-2
B.K.Roy Burman in 1971 divided the tribal population into those who are;
incorporated into the Hindu social order, can't be differentiated. Bhils
oriented towards the Hindu social order. Santhals, Oraons.
oriented towards the Hindu social order. Mizos and the Nagas.
towards the Hindu social order. Arunachal tribes
Verrier Elwin proposed a fourfold classification:
live in a joint communal life and cultivate with axes. least influenced by Hinduism. Onge Jarawas
to their solitude and ancient traditions, but individual stick and used
to outside contact. Mundas
Face external influence and on the
way to lose
much of their original tribal life and culture.
Majumdar. Primitives. Adopted Hindu customs. Stay away.
tribal communities in isolated forest areas. Hunting and hill cultivators. Maler, Birhor.
tribes involved in agriculture and allied activities. Santhal and Munda
. Mixed their culture with other ethnic groups. Usually autism and folk artist. Nats UP and lohars
modern occupation in urban areas like industrial labour
completely into Hindu caste fold.