State greater determinant of fertility. It illiterate women of Tamilnadu have lower fertility rate than urban graduates of UP
In Bihar 3.7 for illiterate women and 4.4 for primary educated women. For Odisha it is 1.9 and 3.6 for primary
For India tfr for illiterate women is 2.9 and 3.1 for primary educated women.
Tfr 2.2 India level. Only UP Bihar have above 3.
13 States have fertility rate 1.5.
Global childhood report UN
Teenage mothers declined by 63% - to 1.4 million.
since 2018 India's working age population 15 to 64 has grown larger than dependent population. It will last till 2055.
50% of 15-64 out of labour force. NSSO.
Un women report
4.5 percent of Indian households are single mother.
46% families are nuclear and 12% single person family. 31% extended families.
Poverty rate of loan mother households is 38% and 22% for dual parent households
29% of women between 25 and 54 are in the labour force while men are 97%
Age at marriage below 18 is declining. National mean age of marriage for women is 22
Sex ratio at birth 931 in March 2019. Increases.
22% of married women 15 to 24 age wanted to delete their pregnancy for no more children but not using contraceptives
8% are graduates
1891 to 1921. Stagnant population
1921 and 1951 study growth
1951 and 1981 rapid growth
1981 and 2000 hai growth but slow down
Now total fertility rate stabilizing. 2.3.
Sex ratio 930 in 2019.
Average age 29.
Birth rate depends on age of marriage. cultural effect. State of the women. Social economic status. Education. Social awareness. Healthcare. Contraceptive axis and usage. 15 million girls married before 18.
73% literacy and 8% of graduates.
Death rate stabilized that 7.
Infant mortality rate below 40 and maternal mortality rate 130. As per srs survey. 2018. Due to malnutrition. Diarrhoea. Pneumonia. Sanitation. Water. Malaria. Aur vaccination. Poverty.
Poverty rate below 20% but World Bank multidimensional poverty 28%
Below 50% engaged in agriculture and services 30%. 20% manufacturing.
Lowest sex ratio in Haryana and hi caste groups. Better sex ratio in tribals and Kerala