National Commission report. Idate.
Earlier they were Nomadic tribes, British forest policies and laws pushed them to hunger poverty and eventually crime.
1871 criminal tribes act 1911 and 1924 amendment. communities declared criminals by birth, placed in settlements, police regularly. Children separated from parents.
Post 1947, neglected nomads, pastoralism and controlled forests.
Cultural diversity - unique gods, festivals, language , but globalisation modernisation influenced economy, Society and culture. Rana 2011.
Kolhati Tamasha. rickshaw pullers.
Faqeer begging. crockery stationary. Roadside.
Sapera. snake charmers. wildlife act. Poverty
Yerukala. Fortune tellers. Harassed.
Lohars. Iron smiths. Live on pavements.
Harassment by police. Social discrimination. Bad laws criminalize begging/ wildlife act, habitual offenders act. Police violence. Lost pastures. Low skills.
Malnutrition. Loss of livelihood. Illiteracy. Social stigma. Poverty. Pushed to crime.
Repeal habitable offenders act in punjab Karnataka etc.
Decriminalise begging laws
Government schemes.Ambedkar pre matric and post matric scholarship. Nanaji Deshmukh hostel scheme for boys and girls.
Maharashtra loans. Scholarship. Vocational training. Haryana provides legal aid.
Epw, 2017 study. facing chronic poverty, illiteracy, unemployment, health issues and harassment by police. Vijay Korra study. 14 tribes. Yerukula, boya relli, kati etc. Miss treatment by teachers. Humiliated in school. Discrimination in mid day meal. Harassment by police. Called uncultured. Arrested unreasonably. 60% had no caste certificate. 80% didn't have toilets. 30% had no electricity. 50 to 60% illiterate.