Ethnicity e grows with the perception of threat or dominance by other powerful groups. it is intimately related to interaction with other groups and has political organisational and symbolic significance. Erikson 1993.
northeast ethnic groups very by demography history religion culture and language. BM Das 1987.
Buddhist in Arunachal. Christians in Nagaland. Muslims influx in Tripura. Languages diverse. Tribes like garo khasi konyak Naga Mishi apatani etc.
British inner line permit and schedule district act 1874 increased ethnic identity and isolation. Afspa was perceived as threat.
Other causes. Dominant tribe like lusei versus others like chakmas. Borders fight Assamese. Naga versus kukis in Manipur. Garo khasi in Meghalaya.
Under development. 90% Reliance agriculture. Stagnated employment
Dominant groups state benefits of Government initiatives and resources. Also in 6th schedule adc.
Majority drive dominate while minorities suffers.
Weak presence of Indian state. Week restitution.
Outsider influx from Myanmar and Bangladesh increase ethnicity.
Government schemes. Infrastructure development like waterway at Brahmaputra. Gram sadak Yojana. Optical fibre network. Dhaka Joyebpur railway link. North East development vision 2020.
drinking green revolution to North East. Tourism promotion. Education Ishan Uday.
Special ministry for North East. special criteria in 12th plan. Reservation in jobs in education. Autonomous councils. Sixth schedule.