movements based on ethnic identity and fight for their rights.
Clifford Geertz argue that nationalism must overcome primordial sentiments and identities like blood ties, race, language, religion, religion and custom.
When these identities are threatened it brings discontent and ethanoic political movements begin.
Jharkhand movement 1930 jaypal Honda point against outsiders and exploitation land alienation meaning industrialisation.
Bodoland movement 1968 based on language mobilization. Against migrants and outsiders. Violent
Nagaland movement. Separate identity and ethnicity since British times want to separate new nation.
Khalistan movement. Political violent based on religion.
Andhra Pradesh separate state demand based on language.
following constitutional values suggested by NK Bose. Reduce regional disparities Shrinivas. Emotional integration point civil society E media government tribal participation like in Tripura case study.