To investigate and monitor all matters relating to the safeguards provided for the Scheduled Castes under this Constitution or under any other law for the time being in force or under any order of the Government and to evaluate the working of such safeguards.
To inquire into specific complaints with respect to the deprivation of rights and safeguards of the Scheduled Castes.
To participate and advise on the planning process of socio-economic development of the Scheduled Castes and to evaluate the progress of their development under the Union and any State.
To present to the President, annually and at such other times as the Commission may deem fit, reports upon the working of those safeguards.
To make in such reports recommendations as to the measures that should be taken by the Union or any State for the effective implementation of those safeguards
The Commission consists of a chairperson, a vice-chairperson and three other members.
They are appointed by the President by warrant under his hand and seal.
Their conditions of service and tenure of office are also determined by the president.
In march 2018, NCSC was made party to a petition which wanted creamy layer syster in SC/ST quotas. But the Government of India denied it and said that there cannot be such a system in this case.
Criticism Centre for policy research
Inability to reduce atrocities and violence against dalits.
Lack of institutionalisation in procedure of appointment. Convenient position for retired bureaucrats and politicians
Decisions are not binding and sometimes ignored. Reports ignored by parliament not discussed