National integration answer 1-2
Protect identities of people - language culture religion
Healthy linkages between groups
Avoid divisive tendencies communalism regionalism inequality discrimination.
Causes of disintegration
Historical causes. Communal politics by Britishers. Led to partition
Economic disparity. Muslims social economically worse creates discontent. Sacchar report.
Political mobilisation. Babri masjid demolition
Threat to culture language livelihood. Imposing Bengali on gorkhas
Historically India unified by caste. Pilgrimages. Sufi movement bhakti movement Dwarka panch peer shrines. Sufi shrine. Freedom movement Unity. Communication and newspapers.
Holistic anthropological understanding of culture and discontent.
Integration in too mainstream suggested by NK Boss which is constitution values equality e Liberty secularism democracy
Awareness and emotional integration. Interfaith marriage. Encouraging tourism and travel. Exchange point ek Bharat shreshth Bharat
Ashis nandy suggest proactive secularism should be promoted by the state.
Ek Bharat shreshth Bharat. Prasad scheme. Bhasha Sangam for linguistic exchange.
Tripura. Land reforms. Public Service delivery water health food. NGOs involved. High level monitoring committee. Political decentralisation.