Emerged from discontent in peasent class in naksalbari area led by Charu Majumdar. Aims to bring economic justice to the poor by violence. Expanded to Jharkhand Chhattisgarh Maharashtra and hijack by vested interests and support of external States - China.
Studied by alpa Shah, sumanta Banerji, Rabindra Aye 1988.
Causes of discontent
Historic injustice by Britishers and poor land reforms after freedom.
Displacement of tribals for development projects and rehabilitation. Xaxa report 2014.
Lack of connectivity, basic amenities and absence of good governance. Allows naxals to dominate.
Restriction on forest rights and mis governance by forest bureaucracy.
Bastar initiative education by op Chaudhari. Involving tribal participation in school building and governance.
Alpa Shah book Nightmarch. 2018. Analysis of tribals and naxals. Naxalites are created by one group up and other tribals see them as as forces of emancipation who will end poverty caste and gender inequality. but naxalites are themselves bound by caste hierarchy and id.me gender equality among Adivasis. tribals lack electricity water healthcare and sanitation therefore prone to support naxalism.
Causes behind the rebellion r. Land alienation, liberalisation, influx of outsiders, tampering with legal and constitutional safeguards like forest rights act and Pesa act, lack of development. V Xaxa 2018. Pathalgadi.