75. 27 lakh. 1973 Dhebar panel.
Forest dependent. Stagnant for declining population. Low literacy. Subsistence economy. Pre agriculture existence.
Birhor, Onge, Jarawa, Sahariya etc.
19 less than 1000. 8 are more than 1 lakh.
Process. State government. Proposal to ministry.
Loss of habitat. Outsider market and state intrusion national parks, tourism, forest officials. Land alienation, chronic malnutrition
understanding and apathy by government. Andaman trunk road creat
ed despite protests and now tribals facing threat from outsiders, addiction, begging.
Some tribes are kept outside. Abuj Maria only recently recognised
Odisha while Paudi Bhuiyan still
out. Kerala Karnataka and Bengal ignore tribals.
Anthropological survey of India 2017. There is no baseline survey for 35 PVTG.
Juangs, Sahariya face exploitation bonded labour that
Literacy rate 40%
Diseases malnutrition anaemia malaria sanitation.
100% Central sector scheme for exclusive development of PVT Land development, social security, health, agriculture. flexible and enables state government to focus on development
Conservation and development plan.
Include itda and tribal research institutes.
Monitoring by independent agencies.
Anthropological survey of India. Outcome.
Reduction in dropout rate,
better delivery buy mothers.
Increased age of marriage.
Slow increase in their population.
Education based on their culture skills and talents. Protect their forest rights. Increase health care water sanitation.
Promote tribal economy based initiatives.
Add mankidia case study.