It is loyalty attachment and devotion of a people to their reason because of common language literature traditions history interest and consciousness of right and wrong. Singh and Sahay. it becomes dangerous and violent if identities are threatened.
Factors that contribute to regionalism
Historical factors. Colonialism, outsider exploitation and tribal exploitation created feeling of discontent and ethnic identity based on US versus them.
Politicisation of religion, group or region. Like khalistan movement.
Threat to the language. bodoland movement based on Bodo sahitya sabha uniting The tribe.
Economic threats. Assamese people resources jobs and education written by Bangladeshi migrants. Created Assam movement.
Regional disparity. Jharkhand wanted separate state because of low development.
Low development. Pathalgadi rebellion.
Scholar like and Shrinivas argue that economic disparity is at the heart of regionalism which influences political religious and other social factors.
Positives of regionalism
Create awareness of problem and unite people for justice
Solidarity helps in development initiatives
Preserve identity. Culture language folklore etc
ethnic conflicts. Sensor in security and separatist tendencies. Possibility of violence and loss of property and life. Recent Manipur blockade. hinders development initiatives
Create natural regions based on scientific criteria with help of geographers ethnographers. Reduce regional disparity.
Skilling of youth and preference for locals in jobs.
Tripura. Government NGO and locals for better public Service delivery safeguards integration.