Revivalist movements 1-2
Based on primordial instincts or situation.
Arya samaj back to the Vedas. Muslim revivalist movement wahabi movement. Shuddhi movement.
Birsa Munda revolt. Reform and revival based.
It is due to oo rising ethnicity. Economic inequality. Threat to language. Exploitation. Mis governance. Reform and revival.
Isis Islamic movement today.
Positively unites, collective interests are safeguarded, reduces exploitation, protex threatened culture and way of life.
Creates conflict and violence and national security threat. Potential for disintegration.
Solution. proactive harmony with media voluntary organisations and government. Demystifying in education system. Encourage interfaith marriages.
Sarana religion movement.
Educated tribal youth have begun to assert an autonomous tribal identity under the banner of Jai Adivasi Yuva Shakti (JAYS). Their assertion: the tribals are neither Christian, nor Hindu.
But something more is also happening. Not just revival of the past but creating a new identity in females. Dalit. Tribals.