Sixth schedule 1-2
Constitution article 244 2 provide autonomy to tribals in Assam Tripura Meghalaya Mizoram via regional or autonomous district councils. ADC
ADC with legislative executive and judicial powers on land water forest etc.
Governor can create or alter ADC. Approve laws and regulations by ADC
# Centre and state laws apply with modification of governor of Assam and President for others.
Issues xaxa report 2014
Delay of funds by centre and States. Delayed salary of Meghalaya teachers.
Under representation of tribes rabha and women
Power concentrated at district level but none at village
Six schedule 12 A puts State law above ADC law
State government DC parastatal agencies encroach ADC authority. In garo hills.
State control over forest is hurting tribal culture and livelihood. Nongbri 2003.
Remedies in amendment bill and xaxa 2014.
Creating village councils - 33% women and 2 nominated - with powers on land water and forest.
Finance commission to suggest their funding
Karbi and dima hasao council get additional subjects.
Case srudy rstv 2016.
Bodo territorial council. Created better infrastructure health and promoted education. Self Reliance. Preserving language and culture. But still needs funds capacity building and human resources.