Social stratification among tribals.K L Sharma Religion Christianity educated. White collar jobs Choudhary. Urban vs rural. Within urban Ranchi e Tarun Bansal. Money lenders sachhidanand. Reservations. Political patronage Rajput. R K prasad Palamu Caste system jajmani. A Sarkar Bastar 2007. Rao Rajput.
KL Sharma remarks. some are there to tribalism while others converted to Christianity. Some have taken of Hinduism and Brahmin practices.Some are differentiated on basis of landholding, rural urban background, education, occupation, income and political power.
for centuries tribals were considered to be egalitarian with collective ownership of resources.
But studies by P K Bose, K l Sharma, sachidanand, reveal stratification and social ranking exists
A sarkar 2007. Stratification between hill and plain tribe of Bastar. Due to agriculture technology or religious changes like vegetarianism social mobility seen.
Based on ethnicity class s power there are differences but being endogamous entities tribals a group on their own so no social ranking across various androgamers tribal groups. Unlike caste.
stratification maybe due to control of natural resources, divine capabilities or heredity. with recent urbanisation and industrialisation inequality has risen in areas like Ranchi. Taruna bansal 2018.
Ghanshyam Shah. Gujarat study 1986. Due to various development programs and modernization tribals are no longer homogeneous and egalitarian. Elite emerge and poor became landless labourers. Chaudhari tribe 7% white collar employees and 93% laborers.
RK Prasad Palamu tribals have caste based stratification and jajmani system.
Rao argues that deals of Rajasthan head stratification due to political patronage of Rajput kings to some members. Post-independence the base of stratification increased.
Sachidanand notes tribal moneylenders replaced outsiders while government protection also created benefit for better of tribals
As V K Srivastava 2006 epw argued, tribals are not primitive isolated and homogeneous. They too had wars, conflict, and