Tribal sub plan 1-2
TSP started in fifth plan after SC Dube report 1962
. It is an area based funding approach which aims to. Check St exploitation and improve life at par with non ST.
Itda blocks with 50% ST
Mada pockets with 10000 or 50% ST
Clusters with 5000 of 50%
process. Identify areas and barriers and promoters of development. Assess resources issues and needs. Create administrative setup and sectoral programs..
Focus. health, education, sanitation, drinking water, immunization, agriculture support, marketing produce, skilling etc.
Dedicated funds by 30 Central ministries via 273 schemes
Central special assistance
States allocate as per St population
Non lapsable non diverting
stcmis.gov.in to monitor funds
Yet low literacy rate 60% 27% don't have access to safe drinking water malnutrition and high IMR 44.
Issues that need to be solved. R bias pane
l 2019 and CaG report.
Funds are delayed, underutilized, wasted and diverted
Lack of tribal participation
Lack of data on beneficiaries
So, money is there but better governance is needed.
R Makwana 2017.
Dang district. TSP led to better healthcare modern treatments, skilling of women, self employment increased and better housing.