Vidyarthi book 1-2

Vidyarthi book


Social organisation. Influence by natural environment. Population. Humans. Material technology. Social environment.

Political life


Secret geography. River forest ponds waterfall. Household and around the village.

Sacred specialists.

Sacred performances.

Tharus call themselves as Kshatriya as point shrivtastav 1958. 

Manjhi caste in mundas. 

Oraon stop believing in Ghost spirits and did not eat beef and clean habits. Also wear sacred thread. Sc roy 1928. 

Oraon 20th century. Bhakti cult. Rejected old spirits because they were powerless and protecting them against troubles. Reformed the kurukh dharm. Modified old customs related with birth marriage and death. Under jatru bhagat. Sachidanand 1964. 

Christianity. Majumdar. Where tribals are in compact groups and superior number the tribal organisation has remain strong and conversion to Christianity is not much.

Church mandi under guidance of local priest. 

Sahay 1963. 5 cultural processes on the impact of Christianity. Oscillation. Scrutiny. Combination. Indigenization. Retroversion. 

Course of life.

Death. Mishimis do not more death and feast is offered for the soul. 

Folklore. Myth, legends, tales, riddles, dances, music. Studies in 1886 Indian antiquary. Asiatic Society of Bengal 1774 started bringing about folk song and folk tales. Journal of metric society from Bangalore. Man in India from Ranchi. 1868 at the old Deccan days by Merre.


Can be mixed or completely tribal villages.

village organisations. Use dormitory. Burial ground. Traditional panchayat. Statutory Panchayat. 

Shrinivas. Inter village linkages with festivals marriage pilgrimage economic relations market regional panchayat historical relations. 

Matrilinity in India