Core Tools. Hand axe, chopper chopping, cleaver, pebble. Acheulean type. Direct percussion technique. Stone hammer.
Species. H erectus.
Bhimbetka. Raisen district MP. Discovered by v s wakankar 1962. Cave III F 23 studied by AVN Mishra 1966. 8 layers. 3 lower 1 middle 1 upper 3 meso.
No chopper chopping tools. No abbevilian handaxes.
OS Damoh and Adamgarh.
Soan. DeTerra and Patterson. 1935. Quartzite Pebble early chpper chopping. Hand axe, cleavers and choppers of Acheulean tools in chauntra. OS Pinjore and Kashmir sites.
Attirampakkam. Madrasia. Brucefoot 1863. Quartz Abbevilian and acheulean Handaxe cleaver culture. Low frequency of chopper chopping tools. Cleavers with narrow waist - possible hafting earliest. S Pappu and Akhilesh push back dates. OS Nagarjunaconda and Hunsgi
Didwana. Jodhpur. Mishra 1980. Chopper chopping and massive handaxes. Later, choppers with handaxes and Cleavers absent. OS Chittorgarh and Sabarmati valley. Riverbank occupation with humid climate and thinning of human colonies.
Kuliana and Kamartoda. Mayurbhanj. Burhibalang river. Chopper chopping with acheulean and abbevilian handaxes. Cleaver with pebble butts. OS Singhbhum and Kamarpada.
Social life. Hunting gathering economy. Use of fire. Cave dwelling.