Man of neander Valley. 1850s
430kya to 30kya.
Species. Classic from Europe. Progressive from Mount Carmel.
Neander valley Germany
Mt Carmel Israel.
Cranial capacity 1700 cc.
Skull wall and brow ridge thick
Parabolic dentition no diastema
Long femur with large head
Heavily muscle thick neck
Foramen magnum similar to humans
Used medicinal plants. Karen Hardy.
Flake tools Mousterian.
Levallois technique. Requires significant thinking in the future.
La Chapelle man would not survive without cultural support
Ritual evidence of deliberate Teshik Tash burial in uzbek. Surrounded by goats. At shanidar floral offers at grave.
Existence of language and foxp2 gene.
Hyoid bone of kebara Fossil identical to man.
Possibly used symbols as Marine shell ornaments observed by Zilhao.
Needles indicate clothing. Use of fire. Possible near cult in France.
Nature 2014. Diabetes crohn's disease and smoking addiction may have come from neanderthals.
Large face. Nasal depression.
Large screen capacity
Negroid nasal aperture
Forearm shorter than upper arm
Upper alveolar broad and deep life australoid
Face below orbit is straight.
Parieto temporal suture straight
Zygomatic arch is projecting
General flattening of skull
Mastoid process not as well developed
Foramen Magnum slightly backward
Alveolar region does not merged with nasal floor.
Fossils coexisted Homo sapiens in Israel which means that may not be possible and sister
genetic study of y chromosome and mitochondrial DNA indicate they separated six hundred thousand years ago. 25 genetic differences versus 55 with chimpanzees
Studies estimate 5% genes common.