Epidemiology Anthropology 2-2
Study and analysis of - patterns, causes and effects - of health and disease conditions - in a population. Miquel Porta 2014.
studies disease caused
transmission, outbreak, surveillance, occupational epidemiology treatments
approach including statistics, Anthropology, economics, biology.
shifting from infectious towards non infectious
Social economic psychological cultural
dimensions are important.
Exogenous. Biotic and non biotic
like HIV virus, bacteria. Temperature humidity, diet.
Endogenous factors. Genetic
factors bike sickle cell anaemia down syndrome
Behaviour factors. Socio
-economic deforestation urbanization sanitation
Plague in Surat 1994 due to congested life
Kuru disease in Papua New Guinea was due to ritual of cannibalism. Gadjusek 1966.
Campaign against soda
drinks fat food and junk food to avoid diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Delhi survey 50% public school children movies.
epidemic of smallpox. It was believed that goddess thalerani what's causing the disease but after convincing the the priest vaccination was given.
Niehoff kalahandi smallpox vaccine 1996.
Epidemic transition. Innovation medicine antibiotics, sanitation and healthcare system has displaced infectious diseases. Abdel Orman 1971.
Age of pestilence and
famine. Fluctuating mortality and life expectancy between 20 to 40.
. Mortality decline and life expectancy 30 to 50 years.
Degenerative and man made diseases
mortality declines and stable.
McMichael et al 2004. Modernization behaviour junk food
are increasing chronic diseases arthritis
heart failure and degenerati
ve diseases Alzheimer's and Parkinson.
Global burden of disease data by Murray et al 2014. Increasing trend towards non communicable diseases.