Human physique somatotype
Human somatic types
Somatotyping is classifying human body shape in various
Human physic is is the body shape and composition of an individual which depends on genetics, environment, gender, social economic conditions, nutrition exercise.
Fat, bones and muscles influence somatotype.
Techniques to assess. Direct analysis surface anthropometry, hydrometry. x ray. Computer axial tomography scanning, bioelectrical impedance, magnetic resonance imaging, ultrasound.
Applications in sports, physical education, defence, health care, recovery, research, textile designing, space programs.
Sheldon's taxonomy in 1940 on basis of three germ layers of embryonic development
Ectomorphic. In, toll, Fraser, light muscled, flat chest, inclination towards solitude, isolation, introvert and restraint posture.
Mesomorphic. Hard, rugged, triangular, thick skin, good posture, well built muscles. Adventurous courageous assertive direct and dominant person.
Ectomorphic. round, short stature, under develop muscles. Enjoy food, people, affection and slow in reactions. .
Criticize for or psychological Association with body type but accepted for its taxonomy.
Improved by heath carter formula. It perceives as the person's Faizi as changeable
uses more parameters like individuals weight, height, upper arm circumference, maximal calf circumference, femur breath, triceps skinfold, subscapular Supra spinal and medial calf skin folds.
Evaluates body type on a scale of 1 to 7. With endo meso and ecto morph rating. 7-1-1 is pure endomorph.
but physique is not static and where is with age, diet, exercise, training and even reverses if one stop exercising. Parizkova 1968.